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  • Chad Forbes, Associate Professor

    Associate Professor
    Director, Social Psychology Graduate Program
    University of Delaware
    111 Wolf Hall
    Newark, DE 19716
    302-831-7037

    Biography

    As a social neuroscientist, my research utilizes cognitive neuroscience methodologies such as electroencephalography (EEG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and lesion studies to investigate how different contexts affect the way we attend to and interpret information. Specifically, my research examines how priming negative stereotypes associated with stigmatized individuals in our society, e.g. minorities and women, may ironically engender situations where these individuals inadvertently reinforce the stereotype and bias the way they perceive themselves and others perceive them. My research program revolves around two primary topics: 1) How negatively stereotyped targets’ motivation, attention, and memory is affected by situations that prime negative group relevant stereotypes both in the moment and over time, and 2) How factors such as contextual primes or genetic predispositions undermine a person’s ability to perceive novel, negatively stigmatized outgroup members in a non-biased manner. My approach to these topics utilizes an integrative social neuroscience perspective by examining how these processes are influenced by interactions between implicit (i.e., fast) and explicit (i.e., slow) cognitive processes and the physiological interactions between subcortical and prefrontal cortical networks that are integral to implicit and explicit processing in general. Future research will examine how negative stereotypes alter the way targets and perceivers encode information in a given context, how negative stereotypic contexts undermine targets' domain identification over time and how individuals can be trained to overcome their implicit biases using techniques grounded in theories of neural function. Dr. Forbes has received multiple grants from the National Science Foundation to examine factors that promote or prevent the retention of women in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematic fields.

    Degrees

    Ph.D., University of Arizona

    Courses Regularly Taught

    PSYC390: Social Psychology

    PSYC/NSCI 642: Social Neuroscience

    Recent Publications

    Dr. Forbes' Google Scholar Link

    Forbes, C. E., Leitner, J. B., Jordan, K., Magerman, A., Schmader, T., & Allen, J. J. B. (2014). Spontaneous default mode network phase locking moderates performance perceptions under stereotype threat. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. nsu145

    Leitner, J. B., & Forbes, C. E. (2014). The role of implicit mechanisms in buffering self-esteem from social threats. In Z Jin’s (Ed.) Exploring Implicit Cognition: Learning, Memory and Social-Cognitive Processes. Information Science Publishing: Hershey PA.

    Magerman, A., Forbes, C. E., Splan, E., & Duran-Jordan, K. (2014). Social knowledge. In Toga, A.W., & Poldrack, R.A.’s (Ed.) Brain Mapping: An Encyclopedic Reference. Elsevier: Amsterdam, Netherlands.

    Forbes, C. E., & Leitner, J. B. (2014). Stereotype threat engenders neural attentional bias towards negative feedback to undermine performance. Biological Psychology. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2014.07.007

    Forbes, C. E. (2014). On social neuroscience methodologies and their applicability to group processes and intergroup relations. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. DOI:10.1177/1368430214546070

    Leitner, J. B., Hehman, E., Jones, J. M., & Forbes, C. E. (2014) Self-enhancement influences medial frontal cortex alpha power to social rejection feedback. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. DOI:10.1162/jocn_a_00645

    Barbey, A. K., Colom, R., Paul, E. J., Forbes, C., Krueger, F., Goldman, D., & Grafman, J. H. (2014). Preservation of general intelligence following traumatic brain injury: Contributions of the met66 brain-derived neurotropic factor. PLoS One. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0088733

    Forbes, C. E., Poore, J. C., Barbey, A. K., Kreuger, F., Solomon, J., & Grafman, J (2014). The role of executive function and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in personality: A Systems Neuroscience Approach to Neuroticism and Conscientiousness. Social Neuroscience. DOI:10.1080/17470919.2013.871333

    Forbes, C. E., & Grafman, J. (2013). Brains, genes, and the foundations of human society. Frontiers Research Topic Ebook.

    Forbes, C. E., & Grafman, J. (2013). Social neuroscience: The second phase. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00020. (Article featured on Frontiers home page).

    Forbes, C.E., Cameron, K. A., Grafman, J., Barbey, A. K., Solomon, J., Ritter, W., & Ruchkin, D. (2012). Identifying temporal and causal contributions of neural processes underlying the Implicit Association Test (IAT). Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00320.

    Forbes, C. E., Poore, J. C., Barbey, A. K., Krueger, F., Solomon, J., Lipsky, R. H., Hodgkinson, C. A., Goldman, D. & Grafman, J. (2012). BDNF polymorphism-dependent OFC and DLPFC plasticity differentially moderates implicit and explicit bias. Cerebral Cortex, 22, 2602-2609.

    Forbes, C. E., Cox, C., Schmader, T. & Ryan, L. (2012). Negative stereotype activation alters interaction between neural correlates of arousal, inhibition and cognitive control. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 7, 771-781.

    Barbey, A. K., Solomon, J., Colom, R., Krueger, F., Forbes, C., & Grafman, J. (2012). An integrative architecture for general intelligence and executive function revealed by lesion mapping. Brain, 135, 1154-1164.

    Forbes, C. E., Poore. J.C., & Grafman, J. (2011). Contributions of the Prefrontal Cortex to Social Cognition and Moral Judgment Processes. In R. P. Ebstien, S. Shamay-Tsoory & S. H. Chew, From DNA to Social Cognition. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.

    Forbes, C. E., & Schmader, T. (2010). Retraining Attitudes and Stereotypes to Affect Motivation and Cognitive Capacity under Stereotype Threat. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99, 740-754.

    Forbes, C. E., & Grafman, J. (2010). The Role of the Human Prefrontal Cortex in Social Cognition and Moral Judgment. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 33, 299- 324.

    Schmader, T., Forbes, C. E., Zhang, S., & Mendes, W. B. (2009). A meta-cognitive perspective on the cognitive deficits experienced in intellectually threatening environments. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35, 584-596.

    Zhang, S., Schmader, T. & Forbes, C. E. (2009). The effects of gender stereotypes on women’s career choice: Opening the glass door. In M. Barreto, M. K. Ryan, and M. T. Schmitt’s (Eds.) The Glass Ceiling in the 21st Century: Understanding Barriers to Gender Equality. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

    Forbes, C. E., Schmader, T., & Allen, J. J. B. (2008). The role of devaluing and discounting in performance monitoring: A neurophysiological study of minorities under threat. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 3, 253-261.

    Schmader, T., Johns, M., & Forbes, C. (2008). An integrated process model of stereotype threat effects on performance. Psychological Review, 115, 336-356.

    Ben-Zeev, T, Duncan, S., & Forbes, C. E. (2005). Stereotypes and Math Performance. In J. Campbell’s (Ed.), Handbook of Mathematical Cognition. New York, NY: Psychology Press.

    Xiao, J. H., Ghosn, C., Hinchman, C., Forbes, C., Wang, J., Snider, N., Cordrey, A., Zhao, Y., & Chandraratna, R. A. S. (2003). Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) – independent regulation of b-catenin degradation via a retinoid x receptor-mediated pathway. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 278, 29954-29962.

    Representative publications

    Forbes, C. E., Leitner, J. B., Jordan, K., Magerman, A., Schmader, T., & Allen, J. J. B. (2014). Spontaneous default mode network phase locking moderates performance perceptions under stereotype threat. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. nsu145

    Forbes, C. E., Poore, J. C., Barbey, A. K., Krueger, F., Solomon, J., Lipsky, R. H., Hodgkinson, C. A., Goldman, D. & Grafman, J. (2012). BDNF polymorphism-dependent OFC and DLPFC plasticity differentially moderates implicit and explicit bias. Cerebral Cortex, 22, 2602-2609.

    Forbes, C. E., & Schmader, T. (2010). Retraining Attitudes and Stereotypes to Affect Motivation and Cognitive Capacity under Stereotype Threat. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99, 740-754.

    Forbes, C. E., & Grafman, J. (2010). The Role of the Human Prefrontal Cortex in Social Cognition and Moral Judgment. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 33, 299- 324.

    Leitner, J. B., Hehman, E., Jones, J. M., & Forbes, C. E. (2014) Self-enhancement influences medial frontal cortex alpha power to social rejection feedback. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. DOI:10.1162/jocn_a_00645

 

 

 

 

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